The National Museum Of Amnasuraka
Not To Be Forgotten
During Ba’athist times, this building was a centre for the (Construction Security) now it’s turned into a Museum of Kurdish Freedom Fighters.
During the time of the Ba’athists, this building was the headquarters of the security officers. It consists of two floors. The corri- dor on the first floor, which was used by the officers to have access to the rooms, is turned into a symbol of Anfal Operations and the Destroyed Villages perpetrated by the regime. The 182,000 pieces of broken mirror fixed to the wall symbolize the number of the victims exterminated during the Anfal Campaign, while the 4,500 small electrical light bulbs symbolize the number of Kurdish villages destroyed by the now overthrown regime
During Ba’athist times, this building was a center for con- trolling the security operations performed to watch the activi- ties of the citizens and monitor the whole publications issued in Sulaimanya. This has now been turned into a Moreover, this build- ing saw an active role in working to erase the Kurdish National Identity and to distort their culture, not to forget that the main duty of this horrifying fort (which is known locally as Amna Suraka) was torturing and killing the inhab- itants of the city and of the entire Sulaimanya Governorate.
THE NATIONAL MUSEUM OF AMNASURAKA
On September (30th 1979), this security fort
was built on an area measuring (16,880)m*
in the centre of Sulaimanya city. The design
was prepared by the then East Germans. The
building process was planned to be completed
in three stages. The first and second stages
were to be handled by the city’s local adminis-
tration. These two stages were plain buildings
but furnishing the place to function for deten-
tion, complete isolation and torture was given
to their reliable constructors.
The building was handed over in (1984)
and was used to full capacity until it was liber-
ated during the Kurdish Uprising in (1991).
The place was then turned into a shelter for
displaced families from Kirkuk and remained
so till 1996 when (Mrs. Hero Ibrahim Ahmad)
offered a new place for those refugees and
then in participation with Newroz Company,
she offered to pay the expenses of turning the
entire place into a national museum (known
locally as the Amna Suraka National Mu-